Supplementary Files



Safety factor
Von Misses stress
1st principal stress
3rd principal stress
Multiple truss structure


In recent years, automotive chassis has developed tremendously. This includes the roll cage chassis type which has a higher centre of gravity. This will require an optimum number of truss members to ensure the rigidity and safety of the chassis and user. This research paper aims to analyse the roll cage chassis frame using static analysis simulation by removing truss members at the bottom of the chassis for each design. Carbon steel was employed for all chassis designs. Then, static analysis simulation was done using Autodesk Inventor 2023. From the static analysis, a load equal to 6300 N was applied to the chassis. The safety factor, von Misses stress, 1st principal stress, and 3rd principal stress were analysed and compared for each of the designs. The result shows that the lowest safety factor starting from Design 1, Design 2 and Design 3 with the values of 2.13, 1.85, and 3.24, respectively. For the 1st principal stress, the values are 97.39 MPa, 329.5 MPa, and 104 MPa for Design 1, Design 2, and Design 3, respectively. This result is good as the ultimate strength of carbon steel is 695 MPa. While for the 3rd principal stress, the values are 20.2 MPa, 96.4 MPa to 37.6 MPa for Design 1, Design 2, and Design 3, respectively. In conclusion, removing a few truss members will affect the static analysis performance. It is determined that Design 2 has an optimum truss members number compared to the other two designs.


Abbas, A. H. & Mohammed, A. W. A. (2015). Dune Buggy Design.

Buonamici, F., Carfagni, M., Furferi, R., Volpe, Y., & Governi, L. (2020). Generative design: An explorative study. Computer-Aided Design and Applications, 18(1), pp. 144–155.

Chauhan, A., Naagar, L., & Chawla, S. (2016). Design and analysis of a Go-kart. International Journal of Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, 3(5), pp. 29-37.

Dimitrijevic, N. J., & Dimitrijevic, B. B. (2020). Generating of technical drawing and associative functionality in Autodesk Inventor. Knowledge-International Journal, 43(3), pp. 557-562.

Garg, S., & Raman, R. S. (2013). Design analysis of the roll cage for all-terrain vehicle. International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, 2(9), pp. 333-338.

Gautam, G. D., Singh, K. P., Prajapati, A., & Norkey, G. (2020). Design optimization of roll cage for formula one vehicle by using finite element analysis. Materials Today: Proceedings, 28, pp. 2068–2076.

Krishnamoorthi, S., Prabhu, L., Shadan, M. D., Raj, H., & Akram, N. (2021). Design and analysis of electric Go-Kart. Materials Today: Proceedings, 45, pp. 5997–6005.

Lai, H. F., & Xiao, W. Z. (2012). The analysis on the typical parts in F1 race car. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 215, pp. 1136–1139.

Li, S., & Feng, X. (2020). Study of structural optimization design on a certain vehicle body-in-white based on static performance and modal analysis. Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing, 135, pp. 106405.

Menacho-Mendoza, E., Cedamanos-Cuenca, R., & Díaz-Suyo, A. (2022). Stress analysis and factor of safety in three dental implant systems by finite element analysis. The Saudi Dental Journal, 34(7), pp. 579–584.

Mishra, S. (2017). Static analysis of the roll cage of an all-terrain vehicle (SAE BAJA). International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, 4(9).

Munford, P., & Normand, P. (2015). Mastering Autodesk Inventor 2016 and Autodesk Inventor LT 2016: Autodesk Official Press. John Wiley & Sons.

Prakhar, A., Nitish, M., & Shubham, K. (2017). Design, simulation, and optimization, of multitubular rollcage of an all-terrain vehicle. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, 4(10), pp. 813-820.

Reiter, M., Wehr, M., Sehr, F., Trzuskowsky, A., Taborsky, R., & Abel, D. (2017). The IRT-buggy–vehicle platform for research and education. IFAC-PapersOnLine, 50(1), pp. 12588–12595.

Safiuddeen, T., Balaji, P., Dinesh, S., ShabeerHussain, B. M., & Giridharan, M. R. (2021). Comparative design and analysis of roll cage for automobiles. Materials Today: Proceedings, 39, pp. 183–200.

Soundararajan, R., Ajith, R., Kumar, C. M., Sabarivasan, U., & Mourya, J. S. (2021). A novel approach for design and analysis of an all-terrain vehicle roll cage. Materials Today: Proceedings, 45, pp. 2239–2247.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2023 Array