Multipath fading channel, Transmit diversity, Alamouti Coding, Bit Error Rate (BER), MIMO, OFDM.


This paper presents a Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (MIMO-OFDM) communication system with space-time and space-Frequency block coded (STBC/SFBC) of present generation downlink channel. Space-time block coding (STBC) and space-frequency block coding are transmit diversity schemes used in a wireless communication system to mitigate the effect of channel fading. The system is aimed to reduce the error rate (BER) by mitigating the effect of multipath fading which increase the quality of the system. In the proposed system, 2 transmit and 2 receive antennas are used, to transmit modulated symbols of block N across an OFDM channel, using SFBC Alamouti’s based encoding algorithm (SFBC-OFDM) derives from the basic criteria for space-time block codes (STBC). The signals from the first and second antennas are encoded and transmitted simultaneously in space and frequency over frequency-selective Rayleigh fading channel using two adjacent carriers. The work examines the SFBC and spatial diversity benefits realized based on the BER performance. The result is simulated effectively using MATLAB application software and the BER performance is compared with the conventional STBC-OFDM. It is shown that both STBC and SFBC techniques achieve similar performance with a diversity gain of four (4) over a slow fading channel with 2 antennas at both ends of the link under simple processing across the transmit and receive antennas.


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